Reasons behind India’s failure at tackling Environmental issues
It would be wrong to state that India and the country’s government is not concerned about the Environment and its related issues like global warming. Some efforts have been initiated by the country in the past few years, but there are however numerous reasons behind India’s failure at tackling Environmental issues and why India has constantly failed to achieve success in the field of saving the environment and its resources.
India’s failure at tackling Environmental issues
I have been an Environmental Science student for the past 3 and half years now, and by what I have learned and understood from my studies in this subject lead me to conclude a few concrete reasons that attribute to the failure of India in taking the Environment and its issues seriously.
I have devised a personal theory or concept on this argument, which I call the MICE Theory!
The name “MICE” is an acronym for the 4 major reasons that can be attributed to the failure of Environment as a subject of concern in India. The acronym stands for:
- M – Management and Implementation
I stated earlier that India has made some efforts in the past to show concern and work towards saving the Environment. By this, I mean that India has actively taken part in almost all of the landmark environmental conferences like the Vienna Conference, Montreal Protocol, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, etc. and signed several treaties to work against various environmental issues and improve the condition of the environment.
The Indian government has taken inspiration from numerous “Environmentally” successful countries like Norway, France, and The Netherlands and applied the same Environment protection models to India’s environmental scenario. The effort was positive, but the issue is that the government applied the EXACT SAME strategies and models that the other countries employed.
The government failed to understand that though the environmental concerns, issues, and theories may be common for every country, the issues vary in magnitude, permissible limits, technicalities, standards and impacts from country to country. The Indian government somehow failed to realize this point and “Copied” modules of other countries and “Pasted” them as it is on the face of India’s environment.
Tackling environmental issues in India requires a great deal of management and planning. Once that is done, implementation of environmental models is the biggest challenge in India, primarily due to its massive population and uneven distribution of natural resources among the masses that is leading to both pollutions of nature and scarcity of resources.
- I – Investment
It is true and undeniable that developing and promoting green technology and models to mitigate the damages caused to the environment requires a lot of investment. But some “Unwise” brains in the past have failed to realize that though the initial investments made for developing environmental models is high, once these models achieve sustainability, the investment costs will be easily recovered and it will prove to be a profitable project, both economically and ecologically.
People in India, particularly the government generally hinges at investing a large amount of money in one go at anything. Our government lacks management and planning skills, and because of that, the investments are not made in the right quantity and direction. If there are proper planning and environmental forecasting, then the necessary officials can quote the right amount of investment to be made, with a smart afterthought that once the project is sustained, the revenue generated from it over time will eventually overwrite the amount of investment made for implementing the project.
- C – Corruption
There is least to be said or written about when it comes to India, the Government, its inner politics and corruption. In India, corruption exists whenever and wherever there is money involved!
History and facts about Indian politics evidently show that whatever investment is sanctioned by the Government for any major project, a large chunk of it is either eaten up by inner corrupt officials or goes into bribing officials to obtain NOCs and getting things done.
- E – Execution & Ethics
If by the best chances and luck, the project is passed and the investments proceed in the right quantity and directions, the final execution often turns out to be a failure. Primarily again due to lack of management and planning skills. There is a big void of communication and understanding between the government and public on various administration levels that lead to the failed execution and setup of several environmental projects.
Secondly, on an individual level, most Indians have somehow developed this unwanted mentality that they will take some issues seriously IF THE GOVERNMENT IMPOSES some strict laws or protocols on them, be it regarding taxes, traffic or even the environment. Majority of the Indians lack the “Ethics” and values and the sense of “Personal responsibility” that are required to develop a better bond between humans and the environment to save and sustain the environment for a brighter future. WE ARE MOSTLY DEPENDANT ON EXTERNAL FORCES TO MAKE IT HAPPEN!
I by no means aim to discourage the Government and its efforts at trying to work against the degrading environment and tackling the various environmental issues that prevail in India. If that was so, I wouldn’t be studying the subject of Environment myself. I am just one of the millions of concerned people across the country who are questioning “What is going wrong if everything is being done?”.
There is no public or government when doing something for a good cause for your country. Ultimately we are the ones who are investing in the projects through the taxes we pay!